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Impact of Structural Change in the Distribution of Occupations and Industries on the Employment of Persons with Disabilities in the U.S., 1970-2001

By Laura Trupin M. P. H and Edward Yelin


analyze employment dynamics among persons with and without disabilities. Prior research by the investigators is consistent with the hypothesis that persons with disabilities will experience changes in the share of jobs in specific occupations and industries to a greater degree than persons without disabilities and this disproportionate impact plays a significant role in explaining their overall employment. The present project tests that hypothesis, one, by describing temporal changes in the share of employment held by persons with and without disabilities in specific occupations and industries over the last three decades, two, by formally analyzing the impact of three measures of change in the magnitude of occupations and industries on the occupation- or industry-specific disability rates, and, three, by estimating the impact of the change in the share of specific occupations and industries on employment at the level of the individual for the entire three decade period, after taking into account demographic and regional characteristics and the overall population age distribution and disability rates. The overall hypothesis that change in the magnitude of occupations and industries is central to whether or not persons with disabilities work and, if they work, in what kinds of jobs, was not supported by the results of any of the analyses

Year: 2003
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