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By Raya Staikova, Assen Iossifov and Zoya GadelevaRaya Staikova, Assen Iossifov and Zoya Gadeleva


The purpose of this paper is to summarize and analyze the changes in people's understanding and attitudes towards economic, social and political reforms taking place in Bulgaria since 1989. On the basis of the data of numerous nationally representative studies carried out periodically during the last 10 years, the authors discuss the dynamics of public support of the reforms in national economy, education and health care, and also people's claims towards the state institutions. The article defines the specificity of preferred strategy for the survival of social groups like entrepreneurs in the private and state sectors, settlements in the capital, towns and small villages, the unemployed and self-supported, as well as differences proven by gender and ages. Attention goes to the investigation of the dynamics and stages of the process of democratization within Bulgarian society. Research for this paper was made possible by the “Social Consequences of Economic Transformation in East-Central Europe ” (SOCO) program (Institute for Human Sciences, Vienna), which is financed by the Austrian Federal Chancellery’s Fund for Co-operation with Central and Eastern Europe and by the Ford Foundation, New York. Edited and revised by Dr. Clare Tam

Year: 1999
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