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Evolutionary psychology and intelligence research

By Satoshi Kanazawa

Abstract

This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative variation on a monomorphic design allows us to incorporate heritable individual differences in evolved adaptations. The Savanna–IQ Interaction Hypothesis, which is one consequence of the integration of evolutionary psychology and intelligence research, can potentially explain why less intelligent individuals enjoy TV more, why liberals are more intelligent than conservatives, and why night owls are more intelligent than morning larks, among many other findings. The general approach proposed here will allow us to integrate evolutionary psychology with any other aspect of differential psychology

Topics: BF Psychology
Publisher: American Psychology Association
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1037/a0019378
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:28405
Provided by: LSE Research Online
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