Many companies that implement ISO 14001 have an existing quality management system, such as ISO 9001, QS-9000 or TS-16949. Some of these companies want to combine the two systems. Does this make sense? Is there a best way to integrate the two systems? The ISO 14001 standard has an appendix that includes a cross-reference matrix identifying common elements of the environmental management system standard and the quality management system standard. This cross-reference list was developed and released with the standard, before any company had tried to integrate the two systems. The ISO 9001:2000 standard has a similar crossreference table, which reflects current experience with the two systems. While these matrices provide some initial guidance regarding common elements in the two standards, they do have their short-comings. Neither matrix provides any guidance about how to integrate the two systems, nor do they take company-specific information into account. They also cannot identify the variety of ways that the standards can be combined. This paper will share the lessons learned from conducting more than 150 thirdparty audits at more than 100 facilities where both ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 management systems were in place. These real-life lessons are intended to benefit those companies that are considering developing an integrated management system
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