conference brought together some 1500 people representing 155 governments, 33 intergovernmental bodies, and 125 non-governmental organizations (NGOs), institutes, and foundations. Organized in response to the widespread concern over the deterioration of education systems during the 1980s, the Conference concluded with the unanimous adoption of the "World Declaration on Education for All " and endorsed a "Framework for Action to Meet Basic Learning Needs. " 1 Through these two texts, the world community renewed its commitment to ensuring the rights of all people to education and knowledge. Two things were unique about this initiative: 1. The breadth of its definitions of what is needed to make education available to all. In addition to calling for universal access to schooling for all children, the declaration reaffirms that "every person—child, youth and adult—[should] be able to benefit from educational opportunities designed to meet their basic learning needs. " These include "both essential learning tools, such as 1 literacy, oral expression, numeracy and problem solving, and the basic learning content (knowledge, skills, values and attitudes) required by human beings to be able to survive, to develop their full capacities, to live and work in dignity, to participate fully in development, t
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