Abstract—The paper attempts to elucidate the columnar structure of the cortex by answering the following questions. (1) Why the cortical neurons with similar interests tend to be vertically arrayed forming what is known as cortical columns? (2) How to describe the cortex as a whole in concise mathematical terms? (3) How to design efficient digital models of the cortex? Keywords—Cortex, pattern recognition, artificial neural cortex, computational biology, brain and neural engineering. I
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