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Convective Heat Transfer Enhancement in an Enclosure with Fin Utilizing Nano Fluids

By S. H. Anilkumar and Ghulam Jilani

Abstract

Abstract—The objective of the present work is to conduct investigations leading to a more complete explanation of single phase natural convective heat transfer in an enclosure with fin utilizing nano fluids. The nano fluid used, which is composed of Aluminum oxide nano particles in suspension of Ethylene glycol, is provided at various volume fractions. The study is carried out numerically for a range of Rayleigh numbers, fin heights and aspect ratio. The flow and temperature distributions are taken to be two-dimensional. Regions with the same velocity and temperature distributions are identified as symmetry of sections. One half of such a rectangular region is chosen as the computational domain taking into account the symmetry about the fin. Transport equations are modeled by a stream functionvorticity formulation and are solved numerically by finite-difference schemes. Comparisons with previously published works on the basis of special cases are done. Results are presented in the form of streamline, vector and isotherm plots as well as the variation of local Nusselt number along the fin under different conditions. Keywords—Fin height, Nano fluid, natural convection, Rayleigh number

Topics: T
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.193.4378
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