The current digitization of society brings with it a series of new issues that challenge social science. This article describes the mechanism of digital projection (creation of a digital layer mirroring the physical world) by which society digitizes. In the three-layered leopardskin model of change described here (physical layer, representations and practice, institutions), the physical layer (here, information technology) is changing much faster than the two other layers: representations and institutions. This situation calls for a new stand from social research in these evolutions, a stand which is illustrated by the collection of articles that makes up this issue. A closer link to technology and a different relationship with stakeholders seem to emerge as a new action-research approach in the field
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