Abstract. We study the complexity of approximating stochastic integrals with error ε for various classes of functions. For Ito integration, we show that the complexity is of order ε−1, even for classes of very smooth functions. The lower bound is obtained by showing that Ito integration is not easier than Lebesgue integration in the average case setting with the Wiener measure. The upper bound is obtained by the Milstein algorithm, which is almost optimal in the considered classes of functions. The Milstein algorithm uses the values of the Brownian motion and the integrand. It is bilinear in these values and is very easy to implement. For Stratonovich integration, we show that the complexity depends on the smoothness of the integrand and may be much smaller than the complexity of Ito integration. 1
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