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Prime and Almost Prime Integral Points on Principal Homogeneous Spaces

By Amos Nevo and Peter Sarnak


We develop the affine sieve in the context of orbits of congruence subgroups of semisimple groups acting linearly on affine space. In particular we give effective bounds for the saturation numbers for points on such orbits at which the value of a given polynomial has few prime factors. In many cases these bounds are of the same quality as what is known in the classical case of a polynomial in one variable and the orbit is the integers. When the orbit is the set of integral matrices of a fixed determinant we obtain a sharp result for the saturation number, and thus establish the Zariski density of matrices all of whose entries are prime numbers. Among the key tools used are explicit approximations to the generalized Ramanujan conjectures for such groups and sharp and uniform counting of points on such orbits when ordered by various norms

Topics: Affine sieve, Semisimple groups, Arithmetic lattices, Lattice points, Prime numbers, Principal homogeneous spaces, Spectral gap, Mean ergodic theorem. Acknowledgements
Year: 2011
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