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The Relationship Between Need for Cognition and Hardiness

By Katherine Lee Rathburn

Abstract

Need for cognition and hardiness are two widely studied variables that have not been studied together, even though evidence exists that they share a common base. Using the five-factor model of personality (as defined by Costa & McCrae, 1992) as a backdrop, need for cognition and hardiness were compared and were predicted to positively correlate because of their negative correlations with neuroticism (Funk, 1992; Sadowski & Cogburn, 1997). The short version of the Need for Cognition Scale (Cacioppo, Petty, & Kao, 1984) and the Cognitive Hardiness Scale (Nowack, 1996) were used with 103 subjects recruited primarily from summer courses. The results supported the hypothesis (r = .2572. p = .009). A post hoc analysis did not support the idea that hardiness had three separate components; this result was in agreement with other research

Topics: Psychology, Psychology, Social and Behavioral Sciences
Publisher: FHSU Scholars Repository
Year: 1998
OAI identifier: oai:scholars.fhsu.edu:theses-3708
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