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Effect of an Interactive Cross-Cultural Intervention on Cultural Awareness of Elementary School Children

By Jane E. Smith


The purpose of the researcher was to investigate the effect of a cross-cultural intervention in the acculturation process at the elementary school level. Race, gender, and group were the independent variables. The levels of the race variable were those participating and those not participating in the intervention. Test scores from the cultural awareness instrument were the dependent variables. Pre-scores on the cultural awareness test were employed as the covariate measure. The sample consisted of 88 subjects in the experimental group and 46 subjects in the control group. Subjects were from fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms containing Asians, Hispanics, and Anglos. A quasi-experimental pretest/posttest design with mixed groups was employed. Six composite null hypotheses were tested and all six were retained. Thirty-six comparisons were tested at the .05 level of significance and none were found to be statistically significant. The results of the study appeared to support the following generalizations: 1. that there was no association between gender and cultural awareness scores. 2. That there was no association between race and cultural awareness scores. 3. That an interactive cross- cultural intervention made no difference on the cultural awareness scores. 4. That grade placement was not associated with cultural awareness scores

Topics: Counseling, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Social Work
Publisher: FHSU Scholars Repository
Year: 1989
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