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A Construction of a Space-Time Code Based on Number Theory

By Mohamed Oussama Damen, Ahmed Tewfik and Jean-Claude Belfiore


We construct a full data rate space-time block code over M =2 transmit antennas and T =2 symbol periods, and we prove that it achieves a transmit diversity of 2 over all constellations carved from Z[i] . Further, we optimize the coding gain of the proposed code and then compare it to the Alamouti code. It is shown that the new code outperforms the Alamouti code at low and high SNR when the number of receive antennas N>1. The performance improvement is further enhanced when N or the size of the constellation increases. We relate the problem of space-time diversity gain to algebraic number theory, and the coding gain optimization to the theory of simultaneous Diophantine approximation in the geometry of numbers. We find that the coding gain optimization is equivalent to find irrational numbers "the furthest" from any simultaneous rational approximations

Year: 2002
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