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MT-098 TUTORIAL Low Voltage Logic Interfacing



For nearly 20 years, the standard VDD for digital circuits was 5 V. This voltage level was used because bipolar transistor technology required 5 V to allow headroom for proper operation. However, in the late 1980s, Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) became the standard for digital IC design. This process did not necessarily require the same voltage levels a

Year: 2011
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