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By M. S. -c. Lu, X. Zhu and G. K. Fedder


Measurements are reported on the mechanical properties of high-aspect-ratio micromechanical structures formed using a conventional 0.5-µm CMOS process. Composite structures are etched out of the CMOS dielectric, aluminum, and gate-polysilicon thin films using a post-CMOS CHF 3:O 2 reactive-ion etch and followed by a SF 6:O 2 silicon etch for release. Microstructures have a height of 5 µm and beam widths and gaps down to 1.2 µm. Properties are strongly dependent on the relative metal and dielectric content of the beams. Beams with three metal conductors and polysilicon have an effective Young’s modulus of 62 GPa, residual stress of-29 MPa, and an average out-of-plane radius of curvature of 1.9 mm. Maximum Young’s modulus variation is 3 GPa die-todie, and is 9 GPa between two runs. Die-to-die variation of stress and stress gradient is poor for many beam compositions, however local matching on a die is very good. Cracking is induced in a resonant fatigue structure at 620 MPa of repetitive stress after over 50 million cycles

Year: 2011
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