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Probabilistic Top-k and Ranking-Aggregate Queries

By Mohamed A. Soliman, Ihab F. Ilyas and Kevin Chen–chuan Chang

Abstract

Ranking and aggregation queries are widely used in data exploration, data analysis, and decision-making scenarios. While most of the currently proposed ranking and aggregation techniques focus on deterministic data, several emerging applications involve data that is unclean or uncertain. Ranking and aggregating uncertain (probabilistic) data raises new challenges in query semantics and processing, making conventional methods inapplicable. Furthermore, uncertainty imposes probability as a new ranking dimension that does not exist in the traditional settings. In this article we introduce new probabilistic formulations for top-k and ranking-aggregate queries in probabilistic databases. Our formulations are based on marriage of traditional top-k semantics with possible worlds semantics. In the light of these formulations, we construct a generic processing framework supporting both query types, and leveraging existing query processing and indexing capabilities in current RDBMSs. The framework encapsulates a state space model and efficient search algorithms to compute query answers. Our proposed techniques minimize the number of accessed tuples and the size of materialized search space to compute query answers. Our experimental study shows the efficiency of our techniques under different data distributions wit

Topics: Categories and Subject Descriptors, H.2.4 [Database Management, Systems General Terms, Algorithms, Design, Experimentation, Performance Additional Key Words and Phrases, Query processing, probabilistic data, top-k, ranking, aggregation
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.188.5082
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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