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Feedforward controller with inverse rate-dependent model for piezoelectric actuators in trajectorytracking applications

By Wei Tech Ang, Pradeep K. Khosla and Cameron N. Riviere


Abstract—Effective employment of piezoelectric actuators in microscale dynamic trajectory-tracking applications is limited by two factors: 1) the intrinsic hysteretic behavior of piezoelectric ceramic and 2) structural vibration as a result of the actuator’s own mass, stiffness, and damping properties. While hysteresis is rate-independent, structural vibration increases as the piezoelectric actuator is driven closer to its resonant frequency. Instead of separately modeling the two interacting dynamic effects, this work treats their combined effect phenomenologically and proposes a rate-dependent modified Prandtl–Ishlinskii operator to account for the hysteretic nonlinearity of a piezoelectric actuator at varying actuation frequency. It is shown experimentally that the relationship between the slope of the hysteretic loading curve and the rate of control input can be modeled by a linear function up to a driving frequency of 40 Hz. Index Terms—Feedforward controller, hysteresis modeling, piezoelectric actuators. I

Year: 2007
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