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1 Based on observations obtained at the Keck Observatory, which is operated by the University of California

By Jeff A. Valenti, Debra Fischer, Geoffrey W. Marcy, John A. Johnson, Gregory W, Jason T. Wright, Andrew W. Howard, Matt Giguere and Howard Isaacson


We present two exoplanets detected at Keck Observatory. HD 179079 is a G5 subgiant that hosts a hot Neptune planet with M sin i = 27.5 M ⊕ in a 14.48 d, low-eccentricity orbit. The stellar reflex velocity induced by this planet has a semiamplitude of K = 6.6 m s −1. HD 73534 is a G5 subgiant with a Jupiter-like planet of M sin i = 1.1 MJup and K = 16 m s −1 in a nearly circular 4.85 yr orbit. Both stars are chromospherically inactive and metal-rich. We discuss a known, classical bias in measuring eccentricities for orbits with velocity semiamplitudes, K, comparable to the radial velocity uncertainties. For exoplanets with periods longer than 10 days, the observed exoplanet eccentricity distribution is nearly flat for large amplitude systems (K> 80 m s −1), but rises linearly toward low eccentricity for lower amplitude systems (K> 20 m s −1)

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