Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The Value of a Green Card Immigrant Wage Increases Following Adjustment to U.S. Permanent Residence

By Amy M. Gass Kandilov and Phd Candidate


Abstract: With data from the New Immigrant Survey (NIS), I estimate the effect of becoming a permanent resident (receiving a green card) on the wages of immigrants whose green cards are sponsored by their employers. Possession of a green card increases job mobility of employer-sponsored immigrants by freeing them to work for any employers, not just the sponsoring employers. Native U.S. workers do not face the employment constraints that reduce job mobility of employer-sponsored immigrants, and so serve as a control group. In the empirical implementation, I use data on native workers from the Merged Outgoing Rotation Groups (MORG) of the Current Population Survey and a difference-indifferences propensity score matching estimator. The results from the nearest neighbor propensity score matching indicate that becoming a permanent resident is accompanied by at least an 18 percent wage increase for employer-sponsored immigrants. Additionally, I use kernel matching to confirm that immigrants who receive green cards experience a 25 percent gain in wages between their first U.S. job and the job they hold after receiving permanent The argument most commonly made against immigration is that foreign-born workers tak

Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:
Provided by: CiteSeerX
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.