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The Value of a Green Card Immigrant Wage Increases Following Adjustment to U.S. Permanent Residence

By Amy M. Gass Kandilov and Phd Candidate

Abstract

Abstract: With data from the New Immigrant Survey (NIS), I estimate the effect of becoming a permanent resident (receiving a green card) on the wages of immigrants whose green cards are sponsored by their employers. Possession of a green card increases job mobility of employer-sponsored immigrants by freeing them to work for any employers, not just the sponsoring employers. Native U.S. workers do not face the employment constraints that reduce job mobility of employer-sponsored immigrants, and so serve as a control group. In the empirical implementation, I use data on native workers from the Merged Outgoing Rotation Groups (MORG) of the Current Population Survey and a difference-indifferences propensity score matching estimator. The results from the nearest neighbor propensity score matching indicate that becoming a permanent resident is accompanied by at least an 18 percent wage increase for employer-sponsored immigrants. Additionally, I use kernel matching to confirm that immigrants who receive green cards experience a 25 percent gain in wages between their first U.S. job and the job they hold after receiving permanent The argument most commonly made against immigration is that foreign-born workers tak

Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.187.3995
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