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1 Residential Segregation and Minority Health: Evidence from Population Micro Data

By Hans Grönqvist


Racial and ethnic disparities in health are large and well documented. Knowledge of the underlying reasons may help us to understand differences in other outcomes related to health; e.g. labor market success and educational performance. This paper asks whether segregation affect immigrants ’ health. An exceptionally rich dataset in combination with plausibly exogenous variation in segregation provides an opportunity to investigate the question in much greater detail than what has been possible in the previous literature. The dataset covers the entire Swedish working-age population and contains annual information on the exact diagnosis for all individuals admitted to Swedish hospitals, as well as a wide range of individual background characteristics. This allows me to investigate some of the mechanisms through which segregation could affect health, e.g. income and stress. It is however difficult to identify the causal link between segregation and health since individuals might sort across residential areas based on unobserved characteristics related to health. To deal with this methodological problem I exploit a governmental refugee placement policy which provides plausibly exogenous variation in segregation. In contrast to most previous studies, the results suggest that there is no statistically significant effect of segregation on the overall probability of being hospitalized. Th

Year: 2009
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