CTMSP is the institution where the Brazilian Nuclear Navy Program is developed. The objective of this program is to dominate the technology, industrial and operational processes in nuclear facilities, applied to navy propulsion. In the nuclear fuel cycle, the most complex technological stage is the Uranium Enrichment, that is, a higher concentration of Uranium isotope 235, allowing its utilization as a fuel element of the nuclear reactor. The USEXA- Unit of Production of Uranium Hexafluoride will develop the following stages of the project cycle: material reception and storage, washing drum, production of uranyl nitrate, production of uranium trioxide, production of uranium tetrafluoride; production of fluorine; production of uranium hexafluoride; recoveries of uranium; effluent and waste treatment; and storage of chemical products. This paper presents the advantages and the importance of the Environmental Management System – EMS application, in accordance with ISO 14001: 2004 standard, in Nuclear Public Units, in implementation stages. The incentives are sent to the responsible sectors with questions on the environment, to be answered by the workers affected. An EMS brings any company (public or private) benefits resulting from its implementation, decreasing expenses, enhancing the environment and expanding human resources capability. The paper also shows a new approach of the Environmental Management Implementation: an outside and inside view, with personal motivation as the main tool in human resources. 1.1 The Environment 1
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