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ISSN: 1528–7394 print / 1087–2620 online DOI: 10.1080/15287390590936166 THE GLOBAL BURDEN OF DISEASE DUE TO OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION

By Aaron J. Cohen, H. Ross Anderson, Bart Ostra, Kiran Dev P, Michal Krzyzanowski, Nino Künzli, Kersten Gutschmidt, Arden Pope, Isabelle Romieu, Jonathan M. Samet and Kirk Smith

Abstract

As part of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Burden of Disease Comparative Risk Assessment, the burden of disease attributable to urban ambient air pollution was estimated in terms of deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Air pollution is associated with a broad spectrum of acute and chronic health effects, the nature of which may vary with the pollutant constituents. Particulate air pollution is consistently and independently related to the most serious effects, including lung cancer and other cardiopulmonary mortality. The analyses on which this report is based estimate that ambient air pollution, in terms of fine particulate air pollution (PM 2.5), causes about 3 % of mortality from cardiopulmonary disease, about 5 % of mortality from cancer of the trachea, bronchus, and lung, and about 1 % of mortality from acute respiratory infections in children under 5 yr, worldwide. This amounts to about 0.8 million (1.2%) premature deaths and 6.4 million (0.5%) years of life lost ( YLL). This burden occurs predominantly in developing countries; 65 % in Asia alone. These estimates consider only the impact of air pollution on mortality (i.e., years of life lost) and not morbidity (i.e., years live

Year: 2011
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