The paper discusses developments in continuing professional development (CPD) of librarians in Latvia. The role of librarians in all types of libraries has changed dramatically since the renewal of independence (1991), and the needs for re-training and CPD have been manifold. It has played a vital part in implementing ICT applications in libraries and upgrading professional skills and attitudes. The ideology and compulsion that were the tenets of the state-run integrated system, the formal basis for continuing professional development throughout the Soviet Union, ceased to existed. To replace them, CPD for professionals in all fields started a haphazard redevelopment process through a variety of institutions: for example, professional associations, local government, education centres and libraries. For librarians, independence meant re-orientation in thinking and working with users, as well as approaches to collection development and organisation. Automation in most university, research and city main libraries was implemented during 1996-1998, bringing with it the need for training in IT and further re-thinking of service delivery. Even with financial constraints on organised CPD programmes, libraries continued with interna
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