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Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique Will be set by the publisher OPTIMAL POISEUILLE FLOW IN A FINITE ELASTIC DYADIC TREE

By B. Mauroy and N. Meunier


Abstract. In this paper we construct a model to describe some aspects of the deformation of the central region of the human lung considered as a continuous elastically deformable medium. To achieve this purpose, we study the interaction between the pipes composing the tree and the fluid that goes through it. We use a quasi-static approximation to determine the deformed radius of each branch. Then, we solve a constrained minimization problem, so as to minimize the viscous (dissipated) energy in the tree. The key feature of our approach is the use of a fixed point theorem in order to find the optimal flow associated to a deformed tree. We also give some numerical results with interesting consequences on human lung deformation during expiration, particularly concerning the localization of the equal pressure point (EPP). 1991 Mathematics Subject Classification

Year: 2010
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