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Optimal Nonlinear Estimation Of Photon Coordinates In PET

By Alexander Bronstein, Michael Bronstein, Michael Zibulevsky and Yehoshua Y. Zeevi


We consider detection of high-energy photons in PET using thick scintillation crystals. Parallax effect and multiple Compton interactions in this type of crystals significantly reduce the accuracy of conventional detection methods. In order to estimate the scintillation point coordinates based on photomultiplier responses, we use asymptotically optimal nonlinear techniques, implemented by feed-forward neural networks, radial basis functions (RBF) networks, and neuro-fuzzy systems. Incorporation of information about angles of incidence of photons, significantly improves accuracy of estimation. The proposed estimators are fast enough to perform detection, using conventional computers

Year: 2002
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