What was the problem under consideration? Why was government intervention necessary? The Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA) was required to transpose into UK law EU Directive 95/46/EC ("the Directive"). In turn, the Directive was needed to establish coherent minimum standards amongst EU Member States, the lack of which had acted as a barrier to the free flow of personal data across the EU. Before this, and in response to an increase in the use of computerised records, standards which would protect personal data were enshrined in the Council of Europe Data Protection Convention (Convention 108). In the context of extending the safeguards for individuals ' right to the respect for privacy, Convention 108 established rights related to the growing use of computerised data and created certain rights for individuals in relation to the data which are held about them. What were the policy objectives and the intended effects? The aims of the Directive were to establish minimum data protection standards throughout the EU; to protect individuals ' rights and freedoms, and in particular their right to privacy with regard to the processing of personal data; and to facilitate the free flow of personal data within the EU in the interests of improving the operation of the single market. The DPA was enacted to give effect to the Directive, whilst maintaining the rights for individuals and responsibilities of organisations in relation to the processing of personal dat
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