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By Jean Léo Léonard (iuf, Alain Kihm (cnrs-paris and Stem Formation In Chiquihuitlán Mazatec


described as a complex system of inflection classes encoded on CVCV templates by prefixal ASPECT/PERSON morphemes, combined with monosyllabic CV roots. Pronominal markers and number combine with the root as suffixes clustering in the lexical stem (see fig. 1). Such CVCV sets (inflectional class prefix and lexical stem) are traditionally called “couplets ” (see Longacre 1957, Rensch 1976), in which the inflectional class prefix stands as the penultimate, and the root and its person-number suffixes melted in its nucleus, as the ultimate component of the phonological word. Tone patterns also play a conspicuous role in inflectional stem formation. The seemingly most intricate tangle of tones can actually be made simpler applying an OCP constraint such as H-L or L-H on the stem template, on which the pronominal formatives intervene at postlexical level, as suggested in table 4. Though pronominal person markers can easily be traced through juncture rules and tone patterns, they have become part of the root nucleus, surfacing as exponents rather than as affixes. Marked number (i.e. plural) is realized through an autosegmental nasal sonorant, which coalesces with the stem nuclei and may trigger onset nasalization within the template. A parcimonious set of morphophonological rules may account for input-output contrasts, as in table 4.1 & 4.2

Year: 2010
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