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Children’s self-concept and participation in extra-curricular sport activities

By Xiaoli Jiang, Laurie Prosser and Ken Hawkins


Multidimensional self-concept measurements have provided a vehicle for a comprehensive investigation of the relationship between participation in sport and the range of self-concept in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in levels of social, academic, physical and global self-concepts between participants and non-participants in extra-curricular sport. The research further investigated children’s self-concept in relation to their time commitment and the level of competition. A total of 1,499 4th- to 6th-grade students participated in the research. The Self-Description Questionnaire I (SDQ-I) and the Participation in Extra-Curricular Sport Activity Questionnaire were utilised in this study. Results indicated that children who participated in extra-curricular sport activities had significantly higher levels of self-concept than their non-participating counterparts in their total self-concept as well as in all the social, academic and physical sub-scales, except for reading. Furthermore, children who competed in sport at the municipal level had a significantly higher physical ability self-concept, but a lower reading self-concept than that of the children who competed locally. There was also a trend that children’s physical ability self-concept improved with an increase in their participation hours up to 13–15 hours per week and a less significant tendency that showed the reading self-concept scores decreasing with the increase in participation hours.E

Topics: School, Activities, Children, Enjoyment, Subjects, Self-concept, Scores
Publisher: Berlin, Germany : The SELF Research Centre (AARE)
Year: 2004
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