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Status: Liaison Contribution Action: For consideration by JTC1/SC2/WG2 and UTC

By Organisation Internationale De Normalisation

Abstract

Sundanese has been written in a number of scripts. Pallawa or Pra-Nagari was first used in West Java to write Sanskrit from the fifth to eighth centuries CE, and from Pallawa was derived Sunda Kuna or Old Sundanese which was used in the Sunda Kingdom from the 14th to 18th centuries. Both Javanese and Arabic script were used from the 17th to 19th centuries and the 17th to the mid-20th centuries respectively. Latin script has had currency since the 20th century. The modern Sundanese script, called Sunda Baku or Official Sundanese, was made official in 1996. The modern script itself was derived from Old Sundanese, the earliest example of which is the Prasasti Kawali stone (see Figure 1). The Sundanese script was originally more similar to other scripts of the Brahmic type, in that it made use of conjunct characters. Consonant conjuncts are not formed productively in the modern script, which uses the explicit SUNDANESE SIGN PAMAAEH character to show indicate the absence of the inherent vowel; PAMAAEH does not cause Brahmic conjunct formation. (Some consonant clusters are represented in the modern script with the encoded medial signs-ya,-ra, and-la, but these are not conjuncts.) In order to support older orthography, the “Myanmar model ” as opposed to the “Devanagari model ” is used. An explicit SUNDANESE SIGN VIRAMA is proposed here to cause true Brahmic consonant clustering. Since PAMAAEH does not cause conjunct formation, and is always visible, and since modern users do not want conjuncts to be formed, the Myanmar model, which has an explicit ASAT alongside a conjunct-forming VIRAMA, is the model used here. Analogous is the modern Meetei Mayek script, which has its explicit KILLER, alongside the older Meetei Mayek orthography, which uses a conjunct-forming VIRAMA. This proposal also supports some additional characters used in Sanskrit

Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.173.8032
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