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Design and Optimization of Wavelet for Detecting Life Menacing Events from Electrocardiogram

By Baby Paul and Dr. P. Mythili

Abstract

Electrocardiogram gives the information regarding the health of the patients by monitoring the bioelectric potentials generated by the sinoatrial node in the heart. These signals can be collected by using electrodes suitably placed on the body of a patient. The normal human ECG lie in the frequency range of 0.05-100 Hz and the most useful information is contained in the range of 0.5-45 Hz. Even though a large amount of work has already been done in the field of ECG classification, no classification system has made an attempt in identifying the isolated abnormalities which pose a silent threat to patients. An adaptive filtering technique for denoising the ECG which is based on Genetic Algorithm (GA) tuned Sign-Data Least Mean Square (SD-LMS) algorithm is proposed. This algorithm gave an average signal to noise ratio improvement of 10.75 dB for baseline wander and 24.26 dB for power line interference. It is seen that the step size ‘μ’ optimized with GA helps in obtaining better SNR value without causing any damage to the information content in the ECG. A new wavelet for automatic classification of arrhythmias from electrocardiogram is proposed. This new wavelet is formed as a sum of shifted Gaussians so that it resembles a normal ECG. This shape has been chosen with the aim of extracting maximum information from the ECG under analysis. The classification performance was studied using the most commonly used database, the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia database. The shifted and summed Gaussian wavelet was then optimized using GA. The optimum wavelet for classification was obtained after several runs of the GA algorithm. The ECG class labeling was done according to the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI). The wavelet scales corresponding to the different frequency levels giving maximum classification performance were identified by selecting finer scales. Probabilistic Neural Network classifier was used for classification purpose. The proposed classification system offered better results than that reported in literature by giving an overall sensitivity of 97.01% for Normal beats, 75.20% for Supraventricular beats and 93.06% for Ventricular beats. As mentioned above this technique could exclusively identify some of the isolated abnormalities present in the patient records

Topics: Electrocardiogram, Physiological background of ECG, Cardiac Arrhythmias, Noise in ECG Signal, Wavelet Transforms
Publisher: Cochin University of Science and Technology
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:dyuthi.cusat.ac.in:purl/5143
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