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CURRENT DIRECTIONS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Self-Control A Function of Knowing When and How to Exercise Restraint

By Kristian Ove, R. Myrseth and Ayelet Fishbach


ABSTRACT—To successfully pursue a goal in the face of temptation, an individual must first identify that she faces a self-control conflict. Only then will the individual exercise self-control to promote goal pursuit over indulging in temptation. We propose a new model that distinguishes between the problems of conflict identification and those of conflict resolution. We then review research on the factors that influence conflict identification and those that determine conflict resolution. KEYWORDS—self-control; goals; temptation In Plato’s Protagoras (ca. 380 BC), Socrates asks how it is possible that one lacks command over oneself and experiences akrasia, the state of acting against one’s better judgment (Plato, 1986). With the advent of experimental psychology, the question of akrasia has endured as the question of self-control: How doe

Year: 2010
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