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MRShare: Sharing Across Multiple Queries in MapReduce

By Tomasz Nykiel, George Kollios, Michalis Potamias, Nick Koudas and Chaitanya Mishra


Large-scale data analysis lies in the core of modern enterprises and scientific research. With the emergence of cloud computing, the use of an analytical query processing infrastructure (e.g., Amazon EC2) can be directly mapped to monetary value. MapReduce has been a popular framework in the context of cloud computing, designed to serve long running queries (jobs) which can be processed in batch mode. Taking into account that different jobs often perform similar work, there are many opportunities for sharing. In principle, sharing similar work reduces the overall amount of work, which can lead to reducing monetary charges incurred while utilizing the processing infrastructure. In this paper we propose a sharing framework tailored to MapReduce. Our framework, MRShare, transforms a batch of queries into a new batch that will be executed more efficiently, by merging jobs into groups and evaluating each group as a single query. Based on our cost model for MapReduce, we define an optimization problem and we provide a solution that derives the optimal grouping of queries. Experiments in our prototype, built on top of Hadoop, demonstrate the overall effectiveness of our approach and substantial savings. 1

Year: 2010
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