We know that the official attitude toward terrorism suffers from a suspension of any inquiry into causation. Government officials seldom ask what causes terror, or question their own participation in terrorist acts. Somehow, one gets the feeling that there is no connection between terrorism and its root causes. This chapter will challenge that sentiment and provide an example of causation. Perpetrators of terror are not simply born with some terrorist disease. Instead, specific conditions drive them into it. It is appropriate now to take a look at a prominent case where violence is a reaction to such circumstances. Palestinian Violence: Causes and Consequences While Palestinian resistance is generally seen as a reaction to the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, its causes have deep roots at many levels. First, it is a response to Zionist colonization of Palestine. Second, it is driven by psychological motivation to recover lost rights. Third and, perhaps most important, Palestinian resistance took root in the absence of meaningful peaceful channels for legitimate change. If Palestinians were given peaceful means for achieving justice, they were, and are not likely to feel the nee
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