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Human Monkeypox Outbreak Caused by Novel Virus Belonging to

By Pierre Formenty, Mohammed O. Muntasir, Inger Damon, Vipul Chowdhary, Martin L. Opoka, Charlotte Monimart, Elmangory M. Mutasim, Jean-claude Manuguerra, Whitni B. Davidson, Kevin L. Karem, Jeanne Cabeza, Sharlenna Wang, Mamunur R. Malik, Thierry Dur, Abdalhalim Khalid, Thomas Rioton, Andrea Kuong-ruay, Alimagboul A. Babiker, Mubarak E. M. Karsani and Magdi S. Abdalla


Khartoum (S. Wang, M.R. Malik) To determine the outbreak source of monkeypox virus (MPXV) infections in Unity State, Sudan, in November 2005, we conducted a retrospective investigation. MPXV was identified in a sub-Sahelian savannah environment. Three case notification categories were used: suspected, probable, and confirmed. Molecular, virologic, and serologic assays were used to test blood specimens, vesicular swabs, and crust specimens obtained from symptomatic and recovering persons. Ten laboratoryconfirmed cases and 9 probable cases of MPXV were reported during September–December 2005; no deaths occurred. Human-to-human transmission up to 5 generations was described. Our investigation could not fully determine the source of the outbreak. Preliminary data indicate that the MPXV strain isolated during this outbreak was a novel virus belonging to the Congo Basin clade. Our results indicat

Year: 2010
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