Spatial Development Processes of Croatian Islands – the Analysis of Island Settlements in Terms of the Quantity and Quality of their Central Functions

Abstract

U radu se sagledava opremljenost hrvatskih otočnih naselja centralnim funkcijama te se razmatraju prostorno-razvojni procesi u međuovisnosti o stupnju centraliteta. Ukupno su obuhvaćena 303 naselja na 47 otoka, a centralne su funkcije analizirane u sklopu šest temeljnih skupina: uprava, zdravstvo, obrazovanje, pošta i telekomunikacije, opskrba i financijsko poslovanje, unutar kojih su razmatrani hijerarhijski rangirani sadržaji. Naselja su potom prema (ne)zastupljenosti pojedinih sadržaja razvrstana unutar pet skupina: „bez centraliteta“, „nedostatni centralitet“, „centralitet trećeg ranga“, „centralitet drugog ranga“ i „centralitet prvog ranga“ te su analizirana s obzirom na prostorni položaj, indeks promjene broja stanovnika te indeks starosti. Pokazani su prostorno-razvojni procesi hrvatskih otoka koji se očituju kroz polarizaciju naseljenosti i otočnu litoralizaciju, kao i nepovoljniji trendovi u manjim i slabije funkcionalno opremljenim naseljima.The paper analyses Croatian island settlements in terms of the quantity and quality of their central functions. It examines spatial development processes in relation to the centrality degree and includes 303 settlements on 47 islands. Central functions are analysed in six basic groups: administration, healthcare, education, post and telecommunications, supply and financial operations, within which the hierarchically ranked facilities are considered. The settlements are then classified according to the (non)existence of specific facilities in 5 groups: “No centrality“, “Insufficient centrality“, “3rd rank centrality“, “2nd rank centrality“ and “1st rank centrality“ and analysed with regard to their position, population change index and age index. The main spatial development processes of Croatian islands are presented. They are manifested in the population polarisation and island littoralisation, as well as unfavourable trends in smaller and poorly equipped settlements

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