In today’s increasingly competitive global market, most enterprises place great stress on reducing order fulfillment costs, minimizing time-to-market, and maximizing product quality. The desire of businesses to achieve these goals has seen a shift from a make-to-stock paradigm to a make-to-order paradigm. The success of the make-to-order paradigm requires robust and efficient solutions to the supply-chain-integration problem in the business-to-business (B2B) environment. Recent Internet-based solutions to this problem have enabled efficient and effective information sharing among trading partners (customers, manufacturers, and suppliers). Here we present an integration framework for integrating supply chain operations among such trading partners. A supply chain scenario is constructed, for which an integration framework is proposed based on by concept of business process specifications (BPS) and technology of distributed agents. We model the BPS, which specifies message choreographies among the trading partners, using a modified Unified Modeling Language (UML). We model the behaviors of various enterprise applications within each trading partner as agents using Petri-nets, which depict how the enterprise applications respond to external events specified in the BPS. Finally, we argue that the concepts and models presented in this paper could provide the foundation for a structured approach to supply chain integration
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