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Correspondence Trinocular Active Range-Sensing

By A. Blake, D. Mccowen, H. R. Lo and P. J. Lindsey

Abstract

Absfruct- The principle of trinocular stereo is well known in the domain of passive devices and has application in active metrology as well. Trinocular active devices have the advantage of freedom from mechanical scanning and rapid image capture compared with more conventional active designs based on scanning laser stripes. Their eflicient operation relies, however, on a good solution to the correspondence problem. This requires careful geometric design to take account of epipolar geometry and thorough modeling of image-measurement error. We present a novel design that, curiously, involves setting up the projector-camera geometry to be degenerate-so that depth computation is ill-conditioned-and then backing off a little. We call this near-degenerate epipolar alignment. The result is that unambiguous stereo matching can, in principle, be guaranteed within a given working volume. This is in marked contrast with passive stereo in which ambiguity cannot be guaranteed, merely minimized statistically. The principles have proved to work well in laboratory tests, achieving unambiguous operation over a working volume of a 50-mm cube with a depth resolution of around 0.2 mm. Index Terms- Active sensor, correspondence problem, range sensor, trinocular stereo. I

Year: 2010
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