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Native femoral anteversion should not be used as reference in cementless total hip arthroplasty with a straight, tapered stem: a retrospective clinical study

By Michael Worlicek, Markus Weber, Benjamin Craiovan, Michael Wörner, Florian Völlner, Hans-Robert Springorum, Joachim Grifka and Tobias Renkawitz

Abstract

Backround: Improper femoral and acetabular component positioning can be associated with instability, impingement, component wear and finally patient dissatisfaction in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The concept of "femur first"/" combined anteversion", incorporates various aspects of performing a functional optimization of the prosthetic stem and cup position of the stem relative to the cup intraoperatively. In the present study we asked two questions: (1) Do native femoral anteversion and anteversion of the implant correlate? (2) Do anteversion of the final broach and implant anteversion correlate? Methods: In a secondary analysis of a prospective controlled trial, a subgroup of 55 patients, who underwent computer-assisted, cementless THA with a straight, tapered stem through an anterolateral, minimally invasive (MIS) approach in a lateral decubitus position were examined retrospectivly. Intraoperative fluoroscopy was used to verify a "best-fit" position of the final broach. An image-free navigation system was used for measurement of the native femoral version, version of the final broach and the final implant. Femoral neck resection height was measured in postoperative CT-scans. This investigation was approved by the local Ethics Commission (No. 10-121-0263) and is a secondary analysis of a larger project (DRKS00000739, German Clinical Trials Register May-02-2011). Results: The mean difference between native femoral version and final implant was 1.9 degrees (+/-9.5), with a range from -20.7 degrees to 21.5 degrees and a Spearman's correlation coefficient of 0.39 (p < 0.003). In contrast, we observed a mean difference between final broach and implant version of -1.9 degrees (+/-3.5), with a range from -12.7 degrees to 8.7 degrees and a Spearman's correlation coefficient of 0.89 (p < 0.001). In 83.6 % (46/55) final stem version was outside the normal range as defined by Tonnis (15-20 degrees). The mean femoral neck resection height was 7.3 mm (+/-5.6). There was no correlation between resection height and version of the implant (Spearman's correlation coefficient 0.14). Conclusion: Native femoral version significantly differs from the final anteversion of a cementless, straight, tapered stem and therefore is not a reliable reference in cementless THA. Measuring anteversion of the final "fit and fill" broach is a feasible assistance in order to predict final stem anteversion intraoperatively. There is no correlation between femoral neck resection height and version of the implant

Topics: 610 Medizin, ddc:610
Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s12891-016-1255-9
OAI identifier: oai:epub.uni-regensburg.de:35540

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