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A new quasi-stationary, very high density plasma regime on the W7-AS stellarator

By R. Jaenicke, S. Bäumel, J. Baldzuhn, R. Brakel, R. Burhenn, H. Ehmler, M. Endler, V. Erckmann, Y. Feng, F. Gadelmeier, J. Geiger, L. Giannone, P. Grigull, H. Hartfuß, D. Hartmann, D. Hildebrandt, M. Hirsch, E. Holzhauer, M. Kick, J. Kisslinger, T. Klinger, S. Klose, J. Knauer, R. König, G. Kühner, H. Laqua, H. Maaßberg, K. McCormick, R. Narayanan, H. Niedermeyer, E. Pasch, N. Ruhs, N. Rust, J. Saffert, F. Sardei, F. Schneider, M. Schubert, E. Speth, F. Wagner, A. Weller, U. Wenzel, A. Werner and E. Würsching


Stellarators have the intrinsic property of steady state operation. However, on present-day stellarators the pulse length is usually not only limited due to technical reasons, but also by physical problems. Lack of density control and a subsequent radiation collapse terminate the discharges quite often at high densities. To improve the control of the plasma- wall interaction, the island divertor concept was developed for optimized stellarators. To test this divertor concept on W7-AS, all limiters were removed and replaced by ten divertor modules. In subsequent divertor experiments a promising new plasma operational regime has been discovered which is termed 'high density H-mode' (HDH-mode). During the transition into that regime a clear reduction of ELM-like events and turbulent fluctuations is observed. The HDH-mode combines good energy confinement with very low impurity confinement resulting in low core radiation, but high edge-localized radiation. Consequently, stationary discharges at densities of typically 2 x 10(20) m(-3) can be performed within the accessible pulse length of about 1 s. At densities above 3 x 10(20 m-3) a controlled transition from attached to partially detached plasmas is observed. The still edge-localized radiation reaches 90% of the heating power so that the power load onto the divertor target plates is further reduced. At a lower toroidal field of 0.9 T average beta-values could be raised from earlier 2% to more than 3% in magnetic field configurations with rather smooth flux surfaces at the plasma boundary. The recently obtained results render excellent prospects for W7-X, the larger superconducting successor experiment of W7-AS

Year: 2002
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Provided by: MPG.PuRe
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