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Precise Detailed Detection of Faces and Facial Features

By Liya Ding and Aleix M. Martinez

Abstract

Face detection has advanced dramatically over the past three decades. Algorithms can now quite reliably detect faces in clutter in or near real time. However, much still needs to be done to provide an accurate and detailed description of external and internal features. This paper presents an approach to achieve this goal. Previous learning algorithms have had limited success on this task because the shape and texture of facial features varies widely under changing expression, pose and illumination. We address this problem with the use of subclass divisions. In this approach, we use an algorithm to automatically divide the training samples of each facial feature into a set of subclasses, each representing a distinct construction of the same facial component (e.g., close versus open eye lids). The key idea used to achieve accurate detections is to not only learn the textural information of the facial feature to be detected but that of its context (i.e., surroundings). This process permits a precise detection of key facial features. We then combine this approach with edge and color segmentation to provide an accurate and detailed detection of the shape of the major facial features (brows, eyes, nose, mouth and chin). We use this face detection algorithm to obtain precise descriptions of the facial features in video sequences of American Sign Language (ASL) sentences, where the variability in expressions can be extreme. Extensive experimental validation demonstrates our method is almost as precise as manual detection, ∼ 2 % error. 1

Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.142.4901
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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