We develop a theoretical model of the firm that links properties (stewardship vs. valuation focus) of financial reporting regimes with the informational properties of optimal managerial accounting systems. We show that, contrary to the standard textbook proposition, properties of management and financial accounting systems are not independent. We provide an explicit connection between (somewhat) exogenous and observable properties of a firm's information system and the quality of the economic decisions made by its manager(s). As the latter can also be inferred from publicly available data, our theory generates new opportunities for empirical managerial accounting research on large non-proprietary samples. Further, by being able to identify enhanced performance due to improved managerial accounting information, our theory provides opportunities to gain a better understanding of the link between particular managerial accounting practices and the quality of the information produced
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