Abstract: This paper mainly analyzes the algorithms and technology of congestion avoiding/controlling of active queue management that is applicable to the network processor, and discusses their performance criteria and technology features thoroughly. Then it proposes the method to protect and optimize TCP bandwidth by adopting several measures to the Internet routers, for example, active queue management, fair queue management, and dropping the packets. As a result, the danger of congestion collapse is decreased in a certain extent. Therefore, in order to alleviate the congestion of current Internet, an effective congestion avoiding/controlling strategy must be adopted
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