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DYNAMIC MULTI-AGENT COODINATION: ROBOCOPS

By Ellen J. Bass, Peter A. Beling, Brad J. Beaulieu, Imhotep S. Durham, Ryan H. Mckinstrie, Paul W. Shumate, Kyle G. Stamper and Elizabeth K. Verell

Abstract

We develop a simulation-based test bed that researchers can use to compare the performance of algorithms for decentralized coordination of autonomous agents. The particular coordination problem that we consider is a pursuitevasion game known as the robotic cop (or RoboCop) problem. In this game, a group of agents representing the police attempt to capture one or more fleeing suspects. Play is restricted to a (bounded) rectangular grid of cells. Both the cops and suspect are restricted to horizontal and vertical movement to adjacent cells, with the cops enjoying an advantage in movement rate. We assume that centralized control is not possible (so each agent must make decisions autonomously), that communication between agents is not possible, and that protocols for actions have not been established in advance by the agents. We develop some simple heuristics for determining agent movement, and then demonstrate ways in which the test bed can be used to analyze and compare these heuristics. 1 COORDINATION PROBLEM DESCRIPTION Recent years have seen considerable research activity in the area of coordination of mobile autonomous agents. Much of this work has its roots in more general lines of research in distributed artificial intelligence [13] and cooperative agents [2][4]. The typical setting involves a group of robots that have (more or less) homogenous capabilities and share a common objective [3][12]. One interesting example is the case of a game of soccer played by two teams of autonomous robots. Robotic soccer has attracted considerable attention in the literature and has evolved into a standard test bed application for control and coordination algorithms and for robotic sensing and communicatio

Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.135.5348
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