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Nuclear Power: The Nucleus of Energy Independence? An Analysis of International Energy Policy

By Scott Shackelford

Abstract

Within the next several decades, energy consumption in developing countries such as China and India will double or even triple. In the developed nations of the world, energy demand will likewise soar to unprecedented heights putting new strains on existing energy infrastructures and requiring the creation of new nonrenewable and renewable sources of power. “It's essential to take some prudent steps now to avoid intolerable costs and impacts later, ” said John Holdren, Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy at Harvard University. “The task of energy policy is to ensure the reliable and affordable energy services that a prosperous economy requires while simultaneously limiting the risks and impacts from overdependence on oil, from global climate change, and from other environmental and political liabilities, ” (Hall, 2004). The debate on how to efficiently and economically fuel the economies of tomorrow is underway today, and the differences in the battling ideologies are in no place more apparent than in the United States and European Union (EU). Sharp contrasts have long existed between the energy policies of the US and the member states of the EU. This is partially explained because unlike the US which enjoys significant deposits of coal and to a lesser extent oil, while with few exceptions European nations are relatively poor in fuel reserves necessitating the importation o

Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.135.5215
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