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Judgment Types and the Structure of Causatives

By John Moore


This paper examines two types of causative construction in Spanish, referred to here as hacer 1 and hacer 2 constructions. Various properties of these constructions suggest that they should respectively be analyzed as involving ECM and object control. Notwithstanding, hacer 2 constructions contrast with uncontroversial object control constructions in terms of the object status of the causee, the constituency of the embedded clause, and the interpretation of indefinites. To resolve this paradox, this paper proposes that the hacer 1/hacer 2 distinction follows from a fundamental difference in judgment types, whereby the embedded clause of an hacer 1 construction represents a THETIC judgment and that of hacer 2 a CATEGORICAL judgment. This is of interest because this distinction is not usually discussed in the context of embedded clauses. I argue that putative control properties of hacer 2 constructions are a consequence of the predication associated with categorical judgments. Furthermore, the interpretive correlates of the thetic/categorical distinction accounts for the interpretation of indefinite causees. In this way, it is possible to posit a single causative predicate, hacer, whose contrasting syntactic and semantic properties follow from the different realizations afforded by this contrast in judgment type

Year: 2009
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