Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository


By N. Millward and S. Woodland


We examine gender concentration and segregation between and within establishments in the British economy, using the 1990 Workplace Industrial Relations Survey. Higher levels of gender concentration are found than are predicted by a gender-neutral random hiring model. There are striking effects upon the wage levels of typical employees. We find that high female concentration, both within occupational groups and within workplaces, depresses wage levels substantially, when other factors known to effect wage levels are controlled for. The effect of gender concentration on wage levels far outweighs the wage premium attributed to trade union bargaining. The findings have important implications for public policy and employers'' practices with respect to equal pay between men and women

Topics: HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Publisher: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science
Year: 1995
OAI identifier:
Provided by: LSE Research Online
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.