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Effect of the calcimimetic NPS R-467 on furosemide-induced nephrocalcinosis in the young rat

By Anirut Pattaragarn, John Fox and Uri S. Alon

Abstract

Effect of the calcimimetic NPS R-467 on furosemide-induced nephrocalcinosis in the young rat.BackgroundFurosemide induces nephrocalcinosis in both humans and animals. We showed previously that parathyroidectomy protected against the development of furosemide-induced nephrocalcinosis in young rats, indicating a possible role for parathyroid hormone (PTH) in its pathogenesis. Calcimimetic agents such as NPS R-467 are potent and selective agonists at the calcium-sensing receptor in parathyroid glands and inhibit PTH secretion.MethodsTo determine whether NPS R-467 could, like parathyroidectomy, prevent furosemide-induced nephrocalcinosis, we studied 35 6-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, divided into five groups. Group A served as control, group B received intraperitoneally furosemide (40mg/kg), groups C, D, and E received furosemide and NPS R-467 intraperitoneally at doses of 10, 20, and 40 μmol/kg, respectively, daily for 8days. During the last 3days, animals were placed in metabolic cages for measurement of urine output, food, and water intake. Blood and kidneys were collected on day 8, 60 to 90 minutes after the last doses. Kidney calcium content was measured and nephrocalcinosis scoring (0 to 5) was assessed histologically.ResultsFurosemide increased urine output and fluid intake, and decreased body weight gain similarly in all groups. Serum PTH levels (mean ± SD) were significantly higher in furosemide-treated control animals (276 ± 226pg/mL vs. 64 ± 21pg/mL); NPS R-467 induced a dose-dependent decrease in PTH levels (52 ± 51pg/mL, 18 ± 7pg/mL, and 13 ± 3pg/mL in groups C, D, and E, respectively). Plasma Ca2+ was slightly, but significantly lower in all three NPS R-467 treated groups (5.1 ± 0.4mg/dL, 4.8 ± 0.3mg/dL, and 4.5 ± 0.3mg/dL in groups C, D, and E, respectively) compared to 5.7 ± 0.1mg/dL and 5.5 ± 0.2mg/dL in groups A and B, respectively. Furosemide treatment induced a substantial increase in kidney calcium content (1819 ± 664 μg/g dry weight vs. 126 ± 26 μg/g dry weight) and nephrocalcinosis scoring (5.0 ± 0.0 vs. 0.0 ± 0.0). Treatment with NPS R-467 ameliorated the furosemide-induced increase in kidney calcium content (673 ± 312 μg/g, 361 ± 188 μg/g, and 563 ± 291 μg/g) and nephrocalcinosis scoring (2.2 ± 1.2, 0.7 ± 0.8, and 1.0 ± 1.2) in groups C, D, and E, respectively.ConclusionThe calcimimetic agent NPS R-467 prevents the development of hyperparathyroidism and attenuates nephrocalcinosis in the furosemide-treated young rat

Publisher: International Society of Nephrology. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1523-1755.2004.00564.x
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