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The discussion on the concept of CD provides JICA with the perfect opportunity to gain a broader perspective to seek the best way to maximize the effectiveness of cooperation outcomes and ensure their sustainability. JICA could review its project-based approach and its experience of technical cooperation provided to the public organizations of developing countries where JICA has concentrated its assistance. CD also presents a fresh perspective from which to examine the complementarity between JICA’s technical cooperation and other modalities in the context of aid harmonization. (2) Definition and Characteristics of Capacity Development (Chapter I, Section 1-1) Capacity development (CD) refers to the ongoing process of enhancing the problem-solving abilities of developing countries by taking into account all the factors at the individual, organizational, and societal levels. Defining capacity as the ability of developing countries to solve problems on their own and considering it as a complex of elements including institutions, policies, and social systems, the concept of CD attaches great importance to proactive and endogenous efforts (ownership) on the part of the developing countries

Year: 2008
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