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Pun1p is a metal ion-inducible, calcineurin/Crz1p-regulated plasma membrane protein required for cell wall integrity

By Dagmar Hosiner, Gerhard Sponder, Anton Graschopf, Siegfried Reipert, Rudolf J. Schweyen, Christoph Schüller and Markus Aleschko

Abstract

AbstractUnder conditions of environmental stress, the plasma membrane is involved in several regulatory processes to promote cell survival, like maintenance of signaling pathways, cell wall organization and intracellular ion homeostasis. PUN1 encodes a plasma membrane protein localizing to the ergosterol-rich membrane compartment occupied also by the arginine permease Can1. We found that the PUN1 (YLR414c) gene is transcriptionally induced upon metal ion stress. Northern blot analysis of the transcriptional regulation of PUN1 showed that the calcium dependent transcription factor Crz1p is required for PUN1 induction upon heavy metal stress. Here we report that mutants deleted for PUN1 exhibit increased metal ion sensitivity and morphological abnormalities. Microscopical and ultrastructural observations revealed a severe cell wall defect of pun1∆ mutants. By using chemical cross-linking, Blue native electrophoresis, and co-immunoprecipitation we found that Pun1p forms homo-oligomeric protein complexes. We propose that Pun1p is a stress-regulated factor required for cell wall integrity, thereby expanding the functional significance of lateral plasma membrane compartments

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2011.01.002
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