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Near-Optimal Loop Tiling by means of Cache Miss Equations and Genetic Algorithms

By Jaume Abella, Antonio Gonzalez, Josep Llosa, Xavier Vera and Malardalens Hogskola


The effectiveness of the memory hierarchy is critical for the performance of current processors. The performance of the memory hierarchy can be improved by means of program transformations such as loop tiling, which is a code transformation targeted to reduce capacity misses. This paper presents a novel systematic approach to perform nearoptimal loop tiling based on an accurate data locality analysis (Cache Miss Equations) and a powerful technique to search the solution space that is based on a genetic algorithm. The results show that this approach can remove practically all capacity misses for all considered benchmarks. The reduction of replacement misses results in a decrease of the miss ratio that can be as significant as a factor of 7 for the matrix multiply kernel

Year: 2001
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